Autoflowering Cannabis seeds
What are autoflowering cannabis seeds? Autoflowering seeds are cannabis seeds that go into flowering after a genetically predetermined period of time and do not respond to a change in photoperiod (hours of light).
Compared to their photoperiod-dependent counterparts, autoflowering seeds tend to produce fast-growing, robust and compact plants. Their characteristics make them very suitable for indoor cultivation and low-stress training techniques such as ScrOG or SOG. However, they can also be successfully grown outdoors. Since they do not rely on the sun to flower, they can be grown all year round (depending on the climate), allowing growers to have multiple harvests in a single season.
Why buy autoflowering cannabis seeds? Autoflowering cannabis seeds are hybrid varieties that contain indica and/or sativa genetics along with ruderalis genetics - the latter is responsible for the plants' ability to flower automatically. Cannabis ruderalis originates from Siberia and the surrounding regions. Due to the short summer season, these plants have developed the trait of flowering according to an internal clock, instead of following the sun.
By crossing sativa and indica varieties with ruderalis, breeders can transfer the trait of automatic flowering to the offspring. However, without careful breeding, this trait is lost in the next generation of plants because it is inherited from a recessive gene.
Therefore, it has taken several years for autoflowering seeds to reach a similar quality to photoperiod seeds, as ruderalis in itself provides very low yields and lower cannabinoid concentrations. However, in this respect, the autoflowering variety has caught up to the photoperiod varieties through careful selection.
Are all autoflowering cannabis seeds female? In most cases yes, but not always. Although the vast majority of autoflowering seeds are fully feminized, there are also some regular seeds on the market. They are usually female, as autoflowering seeds are often chosen by beginners or growers who only want female plants (as they produce viable, i.e. smokeable, flowers). Therefore, it is rather counterproductive to deal with 50% male plants that could pollinate female plants.
However, regular autoflowering cannabis seeds are available. At Cannoptikum we offer a wide range of Barney´s Farm, Dutch Passion, Sensi Seeds, Amsterdam Genetics Seeds, companies specializing in autoflowering seeds are specialized.
Why buy autoflowering cannabis seeds? There are many reasons why you should choose to buy autoflowering seeds. Among them are:
- Fast growth: some strains have a life cycle of only 49 days in total.
- Hardy: Ruderalis makes these strains hardy and easy to grow.
- Smaller plants: Many varieties only grow under three feet tall, making them a good fit for many growing spaces.
- Camouflage: Due to their small size, these plants are suitable for stealth cultivation.
- Autoflowering property: Since it is not dependent on photoperiod, growers are not bound to a specific light cycle.
- Simplicity: All of the above characteristics make growing these plants easy and enjoyable.
As you can see, the main reason to buy autoflowering seeds is that they are easier to grow. Fast, robust and uncomplicated, they are the perfect choice for beginners or simply for all growers who want to be as practical as possible.
In terms of yield, Autoflowers are often not as good as photoperiod varieties, despite recent advances. In addition, they can be somewhat less effective. It should be noted, however, that this is only the case when their full potential is considered. Since they grow in a "forgiving" manner and are forgiving of certain mistakes, even beginners can achieve better quality buds and higher yields with autoflowering varieties.
How to grow autoflowering cannabis seeds: Growing autoflowering cannabis seeds is much easier than growing photoperiod strains, especially indoors. For germination, you can use the last pot or growing trays. However, in the seedling stage, autoflowering plants are more vulnerable than photoperiod plants because they have a very short growth phase. As a result, the plants do not have time to properly heal damage to their roots, so they can easily stunt. Therefore, it is advisable to let them germinate in their final pot.
In either case, you can immediately expose them to an 18/6 light cycle and leave them there until harvest. Some growers leave their autoflowers in the light all day, while others try different methods. Although there is little convincing evidence to support this, we recommend a light cycle of 18/6 or 20/4 for the entire growing season.
Compared to photoperiod plants, autoflowering plants require less water and nutrients, so start with low doses and increase them slowly. The ruderalis genetics make autoflowering plants very efficient, and you can easily damage them if you overfertilize them.
Otherwise, you should just treat them well.